Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition indicated by prostate enlargement that typically affects men as they age. Constipation, frequent urination, and other urinary issues are just a few of the problems that can arise when the prostate gland becomes enlarged. Also, it may lead to issues with your kidneys, urinary tract, or bladder. To better comprehend benign prostatic hyperplasia, we have compiled a detailed article covering all aspects of the disease.
Signs and Symptoms
Prostate enlargement can cause a wide range of symptoms, and their intensity varies from one individual to another. Typical BPH symptoms include:
- Nighttime urinating more often than usual (nocturia)
- Prolonged struggle to initiate urinating
- Irregular or weak urine flow
- Slight dribbling after finishing a pee
- Urinary retention
Some of the less common symptoms include:
- Urinary tract infection
- Impairment of Urinary Function
- Urine containing blood
The prostate in most men continues to enlarge even after puberty has ended. This uncontrolled prostate expansion in many men leads to symptoms of urinary retention or markedly reduced urine flow. Unfortunately, the root causes of prostate enlargement remain unclear. However, it could be because of shifts in the sex hormonal levels as men age.
Many things can lead to an enlarged prostate gland, but these are some of the more common ones:
- Aging – Symptoms of a swollen prostate are uncommon in men under the age of 40. By age 60, around a third of males will have moderate-to-severe symptoms, and by age 80, about half will have them.
- Family history – One’s risk of developing prostate issues is increased if a close relative, such as a father or a brother, has had the condition.
- Diabetes and heart disease – Evidence suggests that diabetes, cardiovascular illness, and beta blockers increase the probability of developing BPH.
- Lifestyle – Being overweight raises your risk for BPH, but regular exercise can minimize it.
Fortunately, there is a new BPH treatment available. Your doctor will collaborate with you to develop a treatment plan, including lifestyle modifications as the first line of defense. After that, your doctor may suggest medication, less invasive procedures, or surgery.
Your urologist would likely advise you to start by modifying your daily habits. By adopting more healthful practices, you can lessen the intensity of your symptoms and, in some cases, even see a complete reversal. Changing your way of life poses very little danger. In reality, their usefulness extends beyond a single context. For this reason, your doctor will likely suggest trying these measures before considering any additional treatments.
Your urologist may recommend medication for BPH if you still have symptoms despite making lifestyle adjustments. Some drugs can shrink the prostate, while others can lessen or eliminate the symptoms. Never try to self-medicate or use anything other than your doctor-approved treatment.
If none of the discussed methods successfully relieve your BPH, you should consult a urologist regarding the surgical outpatient prostate procedure. The enlarged prostate tissue can be removed, or the urethra can be physically widened through surgical treatments to aid with chronic BPH symptoms. You should talk to your urologist about whether or not you are a perfect candidate for the procedure because, as with any surgery, there are risks involved.